Direct Speech indirect reported speech

Bu yazıda Direct speech’in en iyi anlatım yoluyla daha iyi anlamanızı ve grammar kurllarını anlatacağız.

hamit: I like playing playstation games.

Birilerine hamit’in ne söylediğini iletmek istiyorsunuz. Bunu yapmanın iki yolu var;

1:Hamitin sözlerini tekrar edersiniz (Direct speech)

Hamit said “I like playing playstation games

(Hamit “Bilgisayar oyunları oynamayı seviyorum” dedi)

2:Reported speech kullanırsınız

Hamit said that she liked playing playstation games.

(Hamit bilgisayar oyunları oynamayı sevdiğini söyledi)

Karşılaştırın:

Direct                     Hamit said “I   like playing playstation games”

Reported         Hamit said that she liked playing playstation games.

*Direct speech’te tırnak işaretleri kullanılır.

Reported speech’te kullanılmaz.

*Reported speech’i kullandığımızda cümlenin ana fiili genellikle past’tır.

Hamit said that…

Ali told her that…

Cümlenin geri kalanı da ayrıca genellikle past haldeki fiile sahiptir.

Hamit said that she liked playing playstation games.

Ali told her that he didn’t have any money.

*That’i isterseniz çıkarabilirsiniz cümleden.

Hamit said that she liked playing playstation games.

Ya da

Hamit said she liked playing playstation games.

*Genellikle aktarılan cümledeki ‘present’ ifade reported speech’te ‘past’ a dönüşür yukarıda da ifade edildiği gibi.

am/is       was do/does        did will        would

are           were have/has       had can         could

want / like / know / go etc.       Wanted / liked / knew / went etc.

*Aşağıda Dr. Jenny’nin söylediği bazı cümleler var.

Bu cümleler reported speech ile nasıl aktarılmış bakalım

‘My parents are very well.’                              Dr.Jenny said that her parents were very well

‘I am going to learn to drive’                             Dr.jenny said that she was going to learn to drive

‘I want to buy a car’                                          She said that she wanted to buy a new car

‘John has a new job’                                          She said that she had a new job

‘I can’t come to the party on Friday’                She said that she couldn’t come to the party on Friday

‘I don’t have much free time’                            She said that she didn’t have much free time

Bir cevap yazın

E-posta hesabınız yayımlanmayacak.